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Industrial Wastewater Treatment Is Mandatory Treating industrial wastewater involves the mechanisms and processes used to treat wastewater that is produced as a by-product of industrial or commercial activities. Effluent or treated industrial wastewater is usually released to a sanitary sewer or to surface water, but may also be recycled. Major industries like production of complex organic chemicals, generation of electricity, iron and steel manufacturing and related endeavors, mines and quarries, nuclear plants, pulp/paper production and water treatment produce industrial wastewater. Facilities required to prepare food like meat processing plants, breweries, slaughterhouses, fish processing plants, canneries, factories for cheese or cereal/potato chips produce industrial wastewater. There are still many of these that rely on methods that produce substantial volumes of industrial wastewater that require treatment. The current trend, however, is to reduce industrial wastewater output and optimize wastewater recycling within the process to produce goods. The quality of subsurface water as well as water in streams, rivers and lakes is greatly affected by any untreated wastewater that finds its way into these acquifers and open bodies of water. Contaminated ground water could impact on the growth of plants, with the possibility crops containing substances harmful to human and animal consumption. Water supply for most cities and municipalities is usually rendered safe for human consumption through treatment, but polluted open bodies of water could affect animals. Cattle and other livestock that are constantly exposed to these polluted water have the potential of passing on dangerous toxins to man. This underscores the importance of the treatment, reduction and/or recycling of industrial wastewater, towards overall environmental protection and management. Depending on the industry, industrial wastewater contains a diversity of impurities and toxic substances. Elements like aluminium, arsenic, barium, cadmium,chromium (hexavalent or trivalent), copper, iron, lead, manganese, mercury, nickel, nitrogen, selenium, silver, or zinc may require removal aside from biological contaminants and suspended dissolved solids. It may also be required to remove ammonia, fluorides, nitrates and nitrites, oils and grease, or phenols. A lot of these chemicals and compounds can be recovered for re-injection into the production process or retrieved and processed for disposal in an inert manner that renders these harmless to the environment. The methods and processes are industry-specific and capital expenditures could be high. The positive results in the long term, though, make the financial investment a company injects worthwhile.
The Art of Mastering Recycling
It is now legally mandated that even before a plant is allowed to operate, the production process already includes the methods for treating and/or recycling wastewater. Periodic plant operation inspections are carried out by regulatory bodies to ensure compliance, with stiff penalties for violations. If the company fails to maintain appropriate industrial wastewater treatment and recycling regimes, operations may be stopped, which obviously affects the business bottom line.
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Websites provide detailed literature as well as consultancy services relative to industrial wastewater treatment alternatives. Online listings of wastewater treatment equipment manufacturers are also available.